The Creosote bush is a native plant to Troon Village. It is probably the toughest and most adaptable plant in the Sonoran Desert. The Creosote, sometimes call the greasewood, grows at elevations of 5,000 ft or lower and occupies thousands of square miles of Arizona’s desert.
Most Creosote bushes growing in their natural desert environment grow between 3 to 4 feet high. But when they get regular water, such as in a home landscape, they can grow to heights of over 12 feet.
Creosote leaves are small and coated with natural oils and wax to conserve water through slower evaporation. During dry periods, creosote leaves fold in half to cut their exposure to the sun. Their waxy leaves can stand both extreme temperatures and dehydration. The bush can survive for up to two years without rainfall and flourishes in areas that annually receive less than 3 inches of rain. The creosote bush is believed to be the most drought-tolerant shrub in North America. Creosote bushes bloom most profusely in the spring, but can have flowers at many times of year. The flowers are yellow and have five-petals.
After a desert rain storm the Creosote has a strong scent that is especially noticeable when it’s wet. Many people recognize the wet Creosote scent as the signature smell of desert rain.
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